While heart disease is one of the top killers of Americans, the number of cases has actually been on the decline recently. Despite this supposed downward trend, cases of heart disease in young women have stabilized. One possible explanation for this lack of
further decline in heart disease cases in young women could be related to lifestyle choices.
A new study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology explored this issue by evaluating the proportion of heart disease cases and cardiovascular risk factors among young women that may be related to poor diet and other lifestyle choices.
88,940 younger women between the ages of 27 and 44 were followed between 1991 and 2011.
Lifestyle habits were determined by self-reported questionnaires.
A “healthy lifestyle” was defined by: 1) non-smoker; 2) “normal” BMI; 3) being physically active for at least 2.5 hours per week; 4) watching TV for less than 7 hours per week; 5) eating a healthy diet (i.e. in the top 40% of Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores); and 6) consuming between 0.1 and 14.9g/day of alcohol.
Proportion of heart disease and risk factors (inc. diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia) were calculated.
Consumption of nuts is a known part of the Mediterranean diet, and other Mediterranean-style diets, however, there is not a lot of
research pertaining to nut consumption and adherence to these health diets.
A new study in the journal Nutrients utilized the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between the dates of 2005 through 2010 to determine if there is any association between tree nut consumption, diet quality, and nutrient adequacy in American adults at least 19 years old or older.
The percent of people falling under the “Estimated Average Requirement” or above the “Adequate Intake” for various nutrients was determined.
Diet quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index – 2005 (HEI-2005).