Tag Archives: heart health

Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 03/09/2015

Please click on the links below to read the full articles.

Wine

Alcohol

Olives & Olive Oil

Mediterranean Diet & Healthy Eating

Continue reading Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 03/09/2015

Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 02/12/2015

Please click on the links below to read the full articles.

Wine

Alcohol

Olives & Olive Oil

Mediterranean Diet & Healthy Eating

Nuts & Beans

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet is Associated with Improved Cholesterol Ratios in Spanish Adults

The Mediterranean diet is frequently touted as having many heart healthy benefits to those who stick to it. Specifically, research has

Photo By Bill Branson (Photographer) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Photo By Bill Branson (Photographer) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
shown that adherence to the Mediterranean diet improves lipid profiles, including increased “good” cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and reduced “bad” cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), reduced triglycerides, and reduced total cholesterol.

A new study in the journal Revista Española de Cardiología aimed to add more evidence to the growing pile by exploring the dietary patterns of Spanish adults and associations with their plasma lipid profiles.

A total of 1290 Spanish adults were included in this study. Diet and exercise patterns were determined by self-reported questionnaires. Previous hospitalizations and family disease history were also collected.

Blood and urine samples were collected and analyzed for: fasting serum glucose, total glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting serum insulin, and whole blood glycated hemoglobin.

Important Findings:

  • Greater adherence to a Western-style diet (more red meats, sweets, fast-food, etc.) was associated with the lowest levels of “good” cholesterol, and the highest levels of “bad” cholesterol.
  • Greater adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet (more veggies, fish, nuts, olive oil, etc) was associated with higher levels of “good” cholesterol, and a lower ratio of triglycerides to “good” cholesterol.

The results of this study add to the growing mountain of evidence

Photo by Flickr user  ebruli (http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbling/42712771)
Photo by Flickr user ebruli (http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbling/42712771)

supporting the benefits of the Mediterranean diet on heart health. According to these results, Spanish adults with good adherence to the Mediterranean diet had better plasma lipid profiles than those sticking to a Western-style diet. Specifically, those eating a Mediterranean diet had greater levels of “good” cholesterol compared with those eating a Western-style diet.

Source:

Peñalvo, J.L., Oliva, B., Sotos-Prieto, M., Uzhova, I., Moreno-Franco, B., León-Latre, M., and Ordovás, J.M. 2015. Greater Adherence to a Mediterranean Dietary Pattern Is Associated With Improved Plasma Lipid Profile: the Aragon Health Workers Study Cohort. Revista Española de Cardiología: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2014.09.018

Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 02/06/2015

Please click on the links below to read the full articles.

Photo courtesy pixabay.com
Photo courtesy pixabay.com

Wine

Alcohol

Mediterranean Diet & Healthy Eating

Nuts & Beans

Daily Nut Consumption Reduces Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease

Consumption of nuts has been linked to many health benefits, including benefits to memory, appetite, and cardiovascular health.

Photo by Flickr user  Iain Buchanan (http://www.flickr.com/photos/jaeden/111015656)
Photo by Flickr user Iain Buchanan (http://www.flickr.com/photos/jaeden/111015656)

Part of the Mediterranean diet, nuts are considered an important part of daily consumption, and is frequently recommended to those without specific allergies.

A new study in the journal Preventative Medicine has examined the effect of nut consumption on. peripheral arterial disease. While nut consumption is linked to lower risk of certain cardiovascular diseases, the association with the specific cardiovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, is unknown.

This study followed 3,312,403 Americans between 2003 and 2008 who had voluntarily undergone vascular screening tests. Average age was 63.6 +/- 10.6 years, with 62.8% of participants being women, and 86.2% being white.

Nut consumption, diet, and other lifestyle habits were determined for each participant using self-reported questionnaires.

Diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease for participants was determined using systolic blood pressure measurements in both ankles.

Hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and hypertension were determined by physician diagnosis.

Important Findings:

  • Out of 3,312,403 participants, there were 219,527 cases of peripheral arterial disease (6.7%).
  • About half of the study population ate nuts fewer than once per week.
  • There was a negative association between nut consumption and presence of peripheral arterial disease.
  • Daily nut consumption was associated with 21% lower odds of developing peripheral arterial disease compared with folks consuming nuts less than once per month.

The results of this study suggest that nut consumption reduces the risk of peripheral arterial disease. Specifically, eating nuts every day lowered the risk of developing peripheral arterial disease by 21%

Photo by Flickr user  Gilles Gonthier (https://www.flickr.com/photos/gillesgonthier/507725888/)
Photo by Flickr user Gilles Gonthier (https://www.flickr.com/photos/gillesgonthier/507725888/)

compared with people who ate nuts less than once per month.

The huge sample size in this study strengthens the results, though the self-reporting nature of these kinds of lifestyle questions could skew the results slightly. Regardless, these results show promise that a daily nut regime might help reduce the risk of peripheral arterial disease.

Source:

Heffron, S.P., Rockman, C.B., Gianos, E., Guo, Y., and Berger, J.S. 2015. Greater frequency of nut consumption is associated with lower prevalence of peripheral arterial disease. Preventative Medicine 72: 15-18.