Tag Archives: healthy eating

The Mediterranean Diet is Associated with Decreased Cognitive Decline: A Review of Current Literature

The Mediterranean Diet, and other health diets in general, have been shown to be associated with decreased cognitive decline as well as decreased risk of developing dementia.

Photo by Flickr user  Vince Alongi (https://www.flickr.com/photos/vincealongi/233836385)
Photo by Flickr user Vince Alongi (https://www.flickr.com/photos/vincealongi/233836385)

A new review study, published in the journal Advances in Nutrition aimed to collect all the research (in the human model) through May 2014 related to diet, cognitive decline, and dementia, in order to get a better understanding of the relationship between diet and this kind of mental health.

6 cross-sectional, 12 longitudinal, 1 trial, and 3 meta-analysis studies related to diet and cognitive decline or dementia were evaluated for this review.

Important Findings:

  • Stronger adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with significantly less cognitive decline and decreased incidence of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease across 14 of studies (out of 22) on the subject through May 2014.
  • Those studies not focused solely on the Mediterranean diet but other healthy diets in general also found significant associations between adherence to healthy eating and declines in cognitive dysfunction including decreased risk of dementia (found in all 6 cross-sectional studies and 6 of 8 longitudinal studies).

While results were not sweeping across the board, most of the studies included in this review agreed and showed that the

Photo by Flickr user  Fechi Fajardo (https://www.flickr.com/photos/37078205@N06/4340759130)
Photo by Flickr user Fechi Fajardo (https://www.flickr.com/photos/37078205@N06/4340759130)

Mediterranean Diet, or otherwise healthy diet, decreased the risk of cognitive decline, dementia, or Alzheimer’s disease.

Despite this majority finding, more research needs to be done to get a better understand of the discrepancies in the other studies that did not find similar results, in case the results are something greater than simple population variability.

Source:

van de Rest, O., Berendsen, A.A.M., Haveman-Nies, A., and de Groot, L.C.P.G.M. 2015. Dietary patterns, cognitive decline, and dementia: A systematic review. Advances in Nutrition 6: 154-168.

Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 03/20/2015

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Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 03/16/2015

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Wine, Mediterranean Diet, and Your Health News for 03/10/2015

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The United States Food Supply is Inadequate to Support Federal Dietary Recommendations

The US Federal Government has put out dietary recommendations based on scientific research for many decades. Even with these

Photo by Flickr user Jelly Mark (http://www.flickr.com/photos/fightobesity/4800531091)
Photo by Flickr user Jelly Mark (http://www.flickr.com/photos/fightobesity/4800531091)

supposed health recommended foods and beverages, the United States is experiencing an unprecedented obesity epidemic, in addition to the prevalence of many diet-related diseases.

A new study has compared these dietary guidelines with the actual food supply in the United States, to determine if availability (or the lack thereof) of healthy foods may be contributing to the diet-related health problems plaguing Americans.

The researchers from the US and Canada looked at the most current set of dietary recommendations (as of the time of this study) using the Healthy Eating Index – 2010 (HEI-2010) and compared them with 40 years of actual US food supply data from 1970 through 2010.

Food supply data sets came from: the Loss-Adjusted Food Availability Data set, the ERS Nutrient Availability Data set, data on salt consumption from the Salt Institute, and estimates per capita of alcohol consumption from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

Important Findings:

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